(In italiano: Il quadro europeo delle competenze imprenditoriali)

The European Commission (EC) works with EU countries to develop their school education systems, working together on issues of shared concern, in order to promote higher quality of education through sustainable innovation and inclusion. As part of its work, the EC has identified the need to embed in childhood education the foundations for later success in life in terms of education, well-being, employability and social integration.


The EC has also identified seven key competences needed by all, to be supported by providing high-quality education, supporting educational staff, promoting a variety of learning approaches and contexts, and assessing and validating key competences:

  • Literacy and languages
  • Maths, science and engineering
  • Digital competence
  • Personal, social and learning competence
  • Civic competence
  • Cultural awareness and expression
  • Entrepreneurship

The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the EC’s in-house science service, has developed a definition of entrepreneurship as a competence and a reference framework describing it, the Entrepreneurship Competence Framework (EntreComp). The EntreComp Reference Framework and Learning Outcomes is made up of 3 competence areas: ‘Ideas and opportunities’, ‘Resources’ and ‘Into action’. Each area includes 5 competences, which, together, are the building blocks of entrepreneurship as a competence. The key areas and competences are summarized below:

Area Competences
Ideas and opportunities
  • Spotting opportunities
  • Creativity
  • Vision
  • Valuing ideas
  • Ethical and sustainable thinking
  • Self-awareness and self-efficacy
  • Motivation and perseverance
  • Mobilising resources
  • Financial and economic literacy
  • Mobilising others
Into action
  • Taking the initiative
  • Planning and management
  • Coping with uncertainty, ambiguity and risk
  • Working with others
  • Learning through experience

The KidsUP methodology is clearly positioned as a tool to develop an entrepreneurial mindset early on, through a non-formal learning approach, priming children for further, more formal entrepreneurial learning in subsequent years.

Additional Material (in Italian)